The Backbone of Islaamic Belief
WHAT IS TAWHEED?
means to make something one or to call it one. In English when something
is made one it is deemed to be unified. However, in Islaamic terminology
Tawheed means to believe that Allaah is the one and only God. It is sometimes
referred to as monotheism, however in the purest sense in that no other
entity can in any way have the attributes or be equivalent or even in competition
with Allaah. All acts of worship that a person does should be to Allaah
or for Allaah Alone. For example, prayer should only be to Allaah, religious
animal sacrifice should only be done in Allaah’s name, and fighting to
establish and protect religion (Jihaad). Tawheed is therefore the central
concept upon which all of Islaam rests.
IMPORTANCE AND BENEFITS OF TAWHEED:
Tawheed is the essence
of Islaam and the mainspring of its strength. All other laws, beliefs and
commands of Islaam stand firm on this foundation. Take it away, and there
is nothing left of Islaam.
Tawheed is the call
of all the prophets to their people. And verily We have sent among every
nation a Messenger proclaiming Worship Allaah Alone and avoid all false
deities. (Qur’aan 16:36)
Tawheed is the
only reason for the world’s creation. And I created not the Jinns and Men
except that they should worship Me. (Qur’aan 51:56) By declaring sincere
belief in Tawheed, a disbeliever will become a Muslim. Conversely, a Muslim
will become a disbeliever (kaafir) if he rejects any aspect of it.
By Tawheed we achieve
salvation from Eternal punishment in the Hereafter, right guidance in this
world, and forgiveness for sins. Allaah states in the Qur’aan: Verily Allaah
does not forgive associating partners with Him (shirk) however He forgives
all other sins as He pleases. (Qur’aan 4:48). The Prophet Muhammad
said which means: The worshipper’s right on Allaah is that He will not
punish those who worship none besides Him [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
Whoever fulfills Tawheed
will be admitted to the Garden (Al-Jannah) in the Hereafter. The Prophet
Muhammad has stated: Verily Allaah
has promised that whosoever does not commit shirk shall enter Al-Jannah
Garden in the Heaven). [Al-Bukhari)]
It is the reason for
solving peoples' sadness because true happiness will be achieved if persons
realize Tawheed within their heart. They will also never feel psychologically
enslaved even if physically captive.
It is the only reason
for Allaah’s pleasure and rewards. In another aayah (verse) in the Qur’aan
Allaah says: If you reject faith then know that Allaah is in no need
of you and He does not accept disbelief from His slaves. (Qur’aan 39:7)
Disbelief is nothing but a manifestation of shirk which is the opposite
The acceptance of
all of one’s religious deeds is based upon Tawheed. Allaah states: Whoever
accepts a religion other than Islaam it shall be rejected by Allaah and
in the Hereafter he will be among the losers. (Qur’aan 3:85). Islaam
is nothing if not an embodiment of the belief in Tawheed.
Tawheed prevents man
from eternally remaining in the Hellfire. The Prophet Muhammad
stated in an authentic report: Whoever dies and has so much as a mustard
seed of faith in his heart shall enter Al-Jannah.
SOURCES OF ISLAAMIC 'AQEEDAH
The Qur’aan is
the Revelation which Allaah sent down to His Apostle Muhammad
and has been passed forth to us both in form and in content in an uninteruppted
transmission. Meaning, it can be verified as coming from the lips of the
Prophet Muhammad. It is the
last scripture to be revealed to mankind. As the actual word of Allaah
in its original form in the Arabic language it is the first and foremost
source of Islaamic ‘aqeedah Allaah says: And we did not send any Messenger
before you but we inspired him (saying) none has the right to be worshipped
but I (Allaah) so worship Me. (Qur’aan 21:25) .
Hadeeth in Arabic
has the general meaning of speech whether pertaining to religion or not.
Then it took a special sense (prophetic traditions), comprising all the
Prophet Muhammad’s speech,
deeds, or tacit decisions.
In this regard,
the term hadeeth and sunnah are synonymous. The Prophet Muhammad
being the fount from which both the Qur’aan and the sunnah spring was the
best to explain what each and every person should believe about Allaah.
The Prophet stated about himself:
am the most knowledgeable of Allaah amongst you and the most fearful of
him. And he also stated: Every child is born on Al-Fitra (true
faith of Islaamic Monotheism) but his parents convert him to Judaism,
Christianity or Magianism.