Monotheism of Worship)
who profess the Islaamic beliefs should naturally submit to Allaah and
worship Him alone, by doing whatever He commanded and by avoiding whatever
He has forbidden, which is Tawheed ul `Ibaadah. Without this aspect of
Tawheed, one's belief in Allaah's Oneness is not complete.
Muslims often use the term `Aqeedah, but what do we mean by it? Is `Aqeedah
something that is memorized and simply rattled off on one's tongue? And
what is the relationship between one's `Aqeedah and one's actions?
`Aqeedah is the firm creed
that one's heart is fixed upon without any wavering and doubt, creed which
excludes any supposition, doubt or suspicion. The Qur'aan uses the term
"Emaan" instead. In the understanding of Ahl us-Sunnah wal-Jama`ah, it
is well known that Emaan is profession in the heart and by the tongue,
and action by the heart, tongue and the limbs. [al-`Aqeedat ul-Wasitiyyah
of Ibn Taymeeyah]. Therefore, Emaan is much more than just a mere profession.
For that reason, we find that early Makkans refused to say the Shahada
- even though mere saying of it is not a difficulty - as they understood
its implications. They understood that one's belief in Allaah
which is stated by tongues must be present in the heart and must manifest
in one's actions of heart (such as love and fear of Allaah), of tongue
(dhikr, saying of the Shahada...) and of limbs (prayer, enjoining good
and forbidding evil...).
Today, however, some people
pronounce the Shahada without a second thought and without realizing the
intended meaning and implications of the testimony of faith..
profess the Islamic belief is to believe in:
of Allaah's Lordship (Tawheed ur-Ruboobeeyah): That Allaah is the One Who
Creates, Owns and Administers what He Created, the One Who Brings Benefit
and Averts harm, and the Sole Power in the universe. Allaah's unity
regarding His Perfect Names and Attributes (Tawheed Asmaa' Allaah wa Sifatih)-
describing Allaah according to the names and attributes by which He has
described Himself in the Qur'aan or by those used by Prophet Muhammad
to describe Him.
All those who profess these beliefs
should naturally submit to Allaah
and worship Him alone, by doing whatever He commanded and by avoiding whatever
He has forbidden, which is Tawheed ul `Ibaadah. Without this aspect of
Tawheed, one's belief in Allaah's Tawheed (Oneness) is not complete. In
fact, if any of the above aspects of Tawheed is missing, one's realization
and maintaining of Tawheed in one's life is lacking and defective.
However, an aspect of Tawheed that perhaps
needs to be stressed in particular is Tawheed ul-`Ibaadah, as it is often
either not understood properly or is neglected to a varying degree. Absence
of such understanding and practice leads to various deviations, from believing
that faith is mere statement on the tongue and thus not fulfilling one's
true purpose of creation, to the very common ritualism, wherein the religion
is taken as a set of ritualistic actions without much meaning and impact
on one's life.
is Tawheed ul`Ibaadah?
ul `Ibaadah is to single-out Allaah alone for all worship and not to worship
anything along with Him, whether it be an angel, a Messenger, a Prophet,
a pious person, a tree, a stone, the sun, the moon, or other than these,
such as money or one's desires. Allaah says (which means): "And
your Lord is one Lord, there is none who has the right to be worshipped
but He, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful" [2:163]. Also
(which means) , "And the Mosques are for Allaah (alone), so invoke
not anyone along with Allaah" [72:18]. And as regards to worshipping
other than Him, Allaah the Exalted says (which means), "That is because
Allaah is the Truth, and what they invoke besides Him, it is falsehood.
And verily, Allaah is the Most High, the Most Great" [22:62].
does one take others as god besides Allaah?
In brief, Ibn al-Qayyim says that "Taghoot" (false god, anything
worshipped besides Allaah) includes everyone who rules by other than the
Revelation of Allaah and the example of His Messenger ;
or that which is worshipped instead of, or in addition to, Allaah; or which
is followed in opposition to the Commands of Allaah. Therefore, if one
chooses to love, revere, obey or follow other than Allaah and His Revelation,
then he could be regarded as a god besides Allaah.
Implications of Tawheed ul-`Ibaadah
un the reality of ul-`Ibaadah and what it means to worship Allaah
alone, without attributing partners to Him, is of extreme importance, and
all those who succeed in it will be a step closer to becoming true `Ibaad
(worshippers, servants) of the Merciful, and those who are doing their
best to fulfill the purpose of their creation and maintain Tawheed in their
lives. The following are some reasons which point to the essentially of
Tawheed ul-`Ibaadah, hoping that they would increase us in our desire to
understand it and apply it in our short lives:
"And worship your Lord until there
comes unto you the Hour that is certain (i.e. death)." [15:99]
It is this aspect of Tawheed that the Prophets
were sent to elaborate first and foremost, "And verily, We have
sent amongst every nation a messenger (with the command): 'Worship
Allaah and avoid all false deities" [16:36]. Nooh (a.s.) said (which
means), "Worship Allah, you have no other deity but Him."
[7:59] The Prophet said, "I
was sent between the hands of the Hour with the sword until Allaah will
be worshipped alone with no partner, my sustenance was made under the shadow
of my spear, and humiliation and lowliness were made for those who disobey
my order." [Narrated as mu`allaq
by al-Bukhari and Abu Dawood; Ibn Hajr classified it as hasan]
It is only the case that when Tawheed al-`Ibaadah
is affirmed, that the other two aspects of Tawheed - Tawheed ur-Ruboobeeyah
and Tawheed Asmaa'illaahi wa Sifaatih - are affirmed as well, because if
one performs true `Ibaadah to his Lord, then he would affirm Allaah's Ruboobeeyah
and also perfection in the Names and Attributes that can belong only to
Him. But one can believe in either of the two other aspects of Tawheed
without necessarily believing in Tawheed ul-`Ibaadah. "If you
asked them who created them, they would surely say, 'Allaah'." [43:87]
Tawheed al-`Ibaadah is the essence of our
deen and the purpose of our existence.
"And I created not the Jinns
and men except that they should worship Me (alone)."
It is this aspect of Tawheed that muwahhidoon
(true worshippers of Allaah
alone and affirmers of Tawheed) are distinguished by from mushrikoon.
This Tawheed is emphasized in the meaning
of the testimony of faith, by which one enters into Islaam. Therefore this
Tawheed is the true essence of the first pillar upon which Islaam is built.
This aspect of Tawheed is based mainly
on action, rather than knowledge, unlike the other two aspects of Tawheed,
and it is by affirming this Tawheed that one truly submits to Allaah (s.w.t.).
To affirm this Tawheed by action until the end of this life is a command
in the Qur'aan:
Da`wah as well as Jihaad are performed primarily
to establish this aspect of Tawheed.
"And fight them until there is
no more fitnah (disbelief and polytheism) and the
religion is for Allaah alone. But if they cease, then Allaah is All-Seer
of what they do." [8:39]
This aspect of Tawheed is Allaah's right
upon His servants. "The right of Allaah upon his `Ibaad is that they
worship Him alone, and do not associate in worship anyone or anything with
Him." [Agreed upon]
The first commandment in the Mushaf relates
to Tawheed al-`Ibaadah. "O mankind! Worship your Lord, Who created you
and those who were before you so that you may attain Taqwa." [2:21]
Affirming Tawheed al-`Ibaadah leads - by
Allaah's permission - to the intercession by the Prophet
on behalf of the muwahhid. "I will say, 'O Lord, allow me to intercede
for whoever said, 'Laa ilaaha ill Allah'.' Then Allaah will say, 'By My
Power, and My Majesty, and My Supremacy, and by My Greatness, I will take
out of Hell whoever said, "Laa ilaaha ill Allaah" [Al-Bukhari]. Of
course mere saying, without affirming the testimony of faith with action,
is not sufficient.
This aspect of Tawheed is a qualifying distinction
by which Allaah described His Angels and Prophets. "Surely those
who are in the presence of your Lord disdain not to worship Him; they celebrate
His praises, and prostrate before Him" [7:206]. While those who are
neglectful and disdainful of Tawheed al-`Ibaadah are disgraced by Allaah:
those who scorn My worship, they will surely enter Hell in humiliation"
describes the best of His creatures by their distinctive mark of performing
`Ibaadah to Allaah (s.w.t.). "As to the righteous, they shall drink
of a cup containing a mixture of Kaafoor. A fountain where `Ibaad-Allaah
(worshippers of Allah) do drink, making it flow in unstinted abundance."
Those who affirm this aspect of Tawheed
in truth are protected by Allaah
from the Shaytan, accursed.
"Certainly, you have no authority
over `Ibaadee (My worshippers), except those who follow you of the
was mentioned in his most perfect states, he was called `abd, a true worshipper
of Allaah (s.w.t.) and affirmer of Tawheed al-`Ibaadah.
be He Who took His `Abd for a journey by night from the Sacred Masjid to
the Farthest Masjid, the neighborhood whereof We have blessed that We might
show him of Our signs. Verily, Allaah is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer"
[17:1]. Also, "And when `Abdullaah stood up, calling unto
Him, they gathered against him and almost suppressed him" [72:19].
The perfection of the created being is in
affirming Tawheed al-`Ibaadah. "And they say: 'The Beneficient (Allaah)
has begotten children.' Exalted be He! Those whom they call children,
(i.e. angels), are but honored `Ibaad. They speak not until He has
spoken, and they act by His command. He knows what is before them, and
what is behind them, and they cannot intercede except for him with whom
he is pleased. And they stand in awe due to their apprehension of Him"
[21: 26-28] .